Virtual Data Room: Everything You Need to Know in 2023

Virtual Data Room: A Guide for 2023 – A virtual data room (VDR) is an online platform that combines cloud storage with various instruments for high-stake transactions. A VDR can be particularly beneficial for processes that involve large documentation volumes, as it operates as a remote corporate repository.


What is a virtual data room used for?

A virtual data room is used for the storing and distribution of documents that are confidential, sensitive, or critical for the success of a deal. In many cases, a VDR is used to facilitate the due diligence process during an M&A transaction, loan syndication, or private equity and venture capital transactions.

A VDR can also be used for other purposes, such as:

  • Corporate governance and compliance
  • Portfolio and asset management
  • Infrastructure procurement
  • Legal document exchange
  • Intellectual property management
  • Research and development collaboration

What are the benefits of a virtual data room?

A VDR offers several advantages over a traditional physical data room, such as:


A VDR eliminates the need for renting physical space, printing and shipping documents, hiring staff and security personnel, and traveling expenses.


A VDR allows for simultaneous access by multiple parties from anywhere in the world, 24/7. It also enables faster document upload and download, search and retrieval, and real-time updates.


A VDR provides various security measures to protect the data from unauthorized access, copying, printing, forwarding, or tampering. These include encryption, watermarking, digital rights management, audit trails, granular access control, and user authentication.


A VDR facilitates communication and cooperation among the stakeholders through features such as Q&A workflows, document annotations, notifications, reporting, and analytics.

How to choose a virtual data room provider?

There are many VDR providers in the market, each offering different features, pricing plans, and customer service. To choose the best one for your needs, you should consider the following factors:

Industry expertise

Some providers specialize in certain industries or types of transactions, such as finance, healthcare, real estate, or M&A. They may have more relevant features and experience to meet your specific requirements.

Ease of use

The user interface and functionality of the virtual data room should be intuitive and user-friendly so that you can easily upload, organize, access, and share documents without much training or technical support.

Customer service

The provider should offer reliable and responsive customer service throughout the entire process of setting up and using the virtual data room. You should be able to contact them via phone, email, or chat at any time of the day.


The provider should adhere to the highest standards of security and compliance in terms of data protection, encryption, backup, disaster recovery, and auditability. You should also check their certifications and accreditations from reputable organizations or authorities.


The provider should offer transparent and flexible pricing plans that suit your budget and needs. You should compare the features and benefits of different plans and look for any hidden fees or charges. You should also ask for a free trial or demo before making a final decision.

What are some examples of virtual data room providers?

Here are some examples of VDR providers that are popular among users in 2023:

Provider Rating Features Pricing
iDeals 4.9 Built-in redaction, granular access control, advanced Q&A workflows Starting from $150 per month
Intralinks 4.6 AI-powered due diligence tools, advanced Q&A functionality, various security services Customized based on project size
SmartRoom 4.4 Fast upload speed, SmartLock feature to revoke access to documents remotely, dynamic watermarking Starting from $395 per month
Box 4.3 Automated workflows, integrations with third-party apps, unlimited storage space Starting from $5 per user per month
Citrix 4.3 Mobile and desktop apps, file sync and share capabilities, e-signature integration Starting from $10 per user per month


How to set up a virtual data room?

To set up a VDR, you need to follow these steps:

  • Choose a virtual data room provider that meets your needs and budget.
  • Sign up for an account and create a project name and description.
  • Upload and organize your documents into folders and subfolders.
  • Set the access permissions and security settings for each document and user group.
  • Invite the users and assign them to different user groups.
  • Monitor the activity and progress of the users through reports and analytics.

How to use a virtual data room effectively?

To use a virtual data room effectively, you need to follow these tips:

  • Prepare your documents in advance and make sure they are accurate, complete, and up-to-date.
  • Use clear and consistent naming conventions and labels for your documents and folders.
  • Use the search and filter functions to find the documents you need quickly and easily.
  • Use the Q&A feature to communicate with the users and resolve any issues or queries.
  • Use document annotations and notifications to highlight important information and updates.
  • Use the reporting and analytics feature to track the performance and behavior of the users.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between a virtual data room and a cloud storage service?

A virtual data room is a specialized cloud storage service that offers additional features and security measures for high-stake transactions and confidential document exchange. A cloud storage service is a general-purpose online platform that allows users to store and share files without much control or protection.

How long does it take to set up a virtual data room?

The time it takes to set up a virtual data room depends on the provider, the number and size of the documents, and the complexity of the project. Generally, it can take from a few hours to a few days to set up a virtual data room.

How much does a virtual data room cost?

The cost of a VDR varies depending on the provider, the features, the storage space, the number of users, and the duration of the project. Generally, it can range from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars per month.

How secure is a virtual data room?

A VDR is very secure as it uses various encryption methods, authentication protocols, access control mechanisms, watermarking techniques, and audit trails to protect the data from unauthorized access, copying, printing, forwarding, or tampering. However, users should also follow best practices such as using strong passwords, logging out after use, and avoiding public or unsecured networks.

How long can data be stored in a Virtual Data Room?

The storage duration can vary based on the specific VDR provider and the subscription plan chosen by the user. Some providers offer short-term data storage for specific transactions, while others provide long-term storage options for ongoing projects.

How does a data room work?

A data room is a secure place, either digital or physical, where confidential data is stored and shared for various purposes, such as transactions, document exchange, or data storage. A data room may require visitors to sign non-disclosure agreements or be monitored to prevent data leakage.

What is the difference between a physical data room and a virtual data room?

A physical data room is a secure physical location used to store confidential documents and information related to a business transaction. It’s typically a dedicated room or series of rooms in a secure building where parties involved in a transaction can meet to review and exchange confidential information. On the other hand, a VDR is an online storage site that manages sensitive information and confidential documents. It’s mainly used for business transactions where information needs to be shared confidentially with authorized stakeholders. VDRs are widely accessible, immediately available, and more secure than physical data rooms.